21/04/2017

Will of Beddome's mother

I Rachel Beddome of the City of Bristol make this my last Will and Testament if form and manner following whereas I have in a Deed dated October the 29th 1757 agreed that my son Benjamin Beddome shall within a certain time after my decease therein expressed have the sum of two hundred pounds, now it is my will that the said sum of two hundred pounds be allowed him out of my effects as also that if he has a mind to sell the Estate in the Parish of Saint George near Bristol and the house in Montague Street in which I now live within one year after my decease and the money arising from the said sale amounts to less than eight hundred and fifty pounds the deficiency shall be made up out of my effects so that he may have the whole after my death One thousand and fifty pounds.
Item: I give and bequeath to my son Joseph Beddome and his heirs the sum of six hundred and fifty pounds but not so much besides what I am bound to Mr. Joseph Grimes for on his account but including all that both principal and interest be it more or less.
Item: I give and bequeath to my granddaughter Rachel Beddome and her heirs the house in back Lane with all its appurtenances in which Mrs Bull now lives.
Item: I give to my good friends the Reverend Mr John Thomas and Mr. Peter Holland the sum of five hundred pounds in trust that it may be put out in good security and the interest given to my daughter Mary Bright during the term of her natural life and after her decease or any time before if she thinks fit such part of the interest or principal as she chuses and after her death the whole principal to be given to my granddaughter Mary Brain when she arrives at the age of twenty one and her heirs but in case my said granddaughter Mary Brain dont arrive at the age of twenty one or leaves no issue I give it to my son in law Edward Bright for the term of his natural life and after his death to be divided equally between the families of my sons Benjamin and Joseph Beddome and Martha Ludlow where there are children or a child and also equally between the children of those families it is also my will and desire that if my son in law Edward Bright and my daughter Mary Bright have a mind to improve the said sum of five hundred pounds in trade then my trustees the Reverend Mr John Thomas and Mr Peter Holland shall put the same sum of five hundred pounds into their hands upon finding sufficient security for its forthcoming to the ends and purposes before mentioned.
Item: I give to my good friends the Reverend Mr John Thomas and Mr Peter Holland the sum of five hundred and fifty pounds in trust to be paid after my decease to my daughter Martha Ludlow altho' covert by her present husband or any other husband to her own separate use to be dispoased of when or how she shall think fit in her lifetime or by her last will properly witnessed and her receipt notwithstanding her present or any other coverture shall be a sufficient discharge to the said trustees the Reverend Mr John Thomas and Mr Peter Holland for any deficiency in my assets the same if by reason of any losses thereby my will is that each of my four children shall bear an equal share of such lossses to make up the said deficiency.
Item: I give to my honoured friend the Reverend Mr John Thomas five pounds and to my good friend Mr Peter Holland the sum of three guineas for their trouble as trustees.
Lastly I nominate and appoint my son Benjamin Beddome aforesaid Sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament this Tenth day of February in this year of Our Lord Seven Hundred and Fifty Eight.
Rachel Beddome sealed delivered and declared to be the last Will and Testament of the Testatrix to us who in her presence and at her desire set our hands as witnesses thereto: Bernard Foskett, Hugh Evans, Samuel George.

This is an additional document, which was not signed, giving her views on where personal items of hers should go ....
I make my private will February the tenth 1758 as followeth my ????.
I leave to my daughter Beddome of Bourton my ring
??? to my brother-in-law Foskett for his wife and after him to my son Benjamin and after him to his eldest son John Beddome, and my letters and writings I give to my daughter Ludlow that are not of used to my Executor with the boxes that they are in
and I give to my daughter Ludlow the clock and the mahogany desk with the writings in it as I said before that are not of use to the Executor, and I give to my daughter Ludlow my black silk gown and what plain black silk I may have by me ti make it up. I give to my daughter Ludlow my aunt and uncle's copies in pictures and the cabinet in the parlour
I give to my daughter Bright my workt couch workt with my own hands and at her death I would have her give it to my daughter Ludlow. I give to my daughter Bright any two workt pictures she may chuse except the Ten Commandments I promised to my son Benjamin
My great easy chair I leave to Mrs Tommas
My black sattin gown I leave to Rachel Beddome in consideration of my daughter Ludlow's wearing her mother's black suit of clothes made of --- of three sorts as Mr Hoskett got her upon marriage but if my daughter Beddome has a mind to make up my sattin gown for herself then it is my Will she should have any sattin Hatbands or Hatband I have by me to help make it up for herself and she may give the child a gown instead of it but I have gave or shall give Joseph twenty pounds in consideration that Patty and Sally wore some of his wives old gowns they wore out but three old ones and they never had a good one and I give Joseph the use of a 100 pounds from January 18 1758 in consideration of the same viz my daughters wearing some of his wifes things and in consideration of his giving --- guineas and Patty money to buy her clothes. If I live long four pounds a year will pay him, if I don't he will be a greater gainer by my death.
I give my black chest of drawers to Rachel Beddome
And my walnut chest of drawers to Mary Braine
And I give to my brother Joseph Brandon my silver mugg and a couple of silver spoons that were my aunts.
I give to my Counsin Sarah Biggs my purple damask gown and a crepe gown if I have one and a quilted coat and a cloak and a hood and three or four aprons and 4 shifts and two or three caps and some Cover usseys and two or three Muslon Hankerchiefs and whatever other things of mine my daughter Bright and my daughter Ludlow shall think proper and what they send I would have put in a box and my Executor to pay the carriage to London. Cousin Briggs is my first cousin by father and mother's sides and I hope is a good woman and very poor.
My ?Ferret I will to my son Benjamin
Item I give and bequeath to the Pithay Church
to help buy a parsonage house a hundred pounds
100.0.-
Item I give to Mrs Heritage three guineas3.3.-
Item I give to Betty Kendall my maid three guineas3.3.-
Item I give to Mrs Heritage three guineas3.3.-
Item I give to Mary Carpenter for her own use1.1.-
Item I give to Mrs ?Belcher of ?Healy1.1.-
Item I give to Elizabeth Shange as was my sons maid1.1.-
Item I give to cousin Sarah Biggs2.2.-
________
112.12.-
Aulester20--.-
________
132.12.-
 
Item I give to Anster Church as Mr. Beddome desired me20.0.-
All as I am worth besides my household goods at the writing of this, 3200 pounds when Mr. Fosskett is paid the 350 pounds that I and my husband borrowed of him I have left upon Will including the two estates of my sons £025.3.-
I would have my household goods praised after my death but left to stand as they be if Mr Foskett desires it for it be for half a year when they are to be sold. I would have every child beginning at the oldest to take any one piece they shall think paying down the price at which they are appraised and they may thus so again in the same order as often as they please but not to sell anything again but only such things as they will keep for themselves.

20/04/2017

Reference to Beddome by William Steele in 1777

In a letter written from William Steele 1715-1785, brother of Anne, to his 24 year old niece Mary Steele 1753-1813 (who married Thomas Dunscombe only in 1797) on Tuesday, September 9, 1777, Steele refers to a smallpox epidemic in Bristol that necessitates his returning to Broughton via Amesbury, He hopes to “see Stonehenge”. He mentions a rumour that Beddome's protege Mr [Nathaniel] Rawlings has been asked by Trowbridge Baptists to leave Bristol [or Broughton?] and return to Trowbridge as their preacher, working in the clothing trade with his wife's relations. He says that he met Mr and Mrs Bedome [sic] at Mr Norton's on September 8 and Beddome (by then over 60) preached at Broadmead on the Sunday morning (presumably September 7). He also describes Henry Kent who “has become so great a beau” in second mourning. The letter includes a postscript from “Amanda” [Miss Amanda Froud] to “Sylvia” [Mary Steele].

Letter to Andrew Fuller 1793

In October, 1793 Beddome wrote to Andrew Fuller. The letter is in the Angus Library. it is quoted in the work and remains of Fuller. He writes

I think your scheme, considering the paucity of well-qualified ministers, hath a very unfavourable aspect with respect to destitute churches at home, where charity ought to begin. I had the pleasure once to see and hear Mr. Carey; it struck me he was the most suitable person in the kingdom, at least whom I knew, to supply my place, and make up my great deficiencies when either disabled or removed. A different plan is formed and pursued, and I fear that the great and good man, though influenced by the most excellent motives, will meet with a disappointment. However, God hath his ends, and whoever is disappointed he will not, he cannot be so. My unbelieving heart is ready to suggest that the time is not come, the time that the Lord's house should be built.

The comment is made that Beddome was at this time bowed down with infirmities incident to the time of which he makes affecting mention in his letter.

18/04/2017

John Olding's Manifesto.

In a 1976 essay entitled George Whitefield's curate: Gloucestershire Dissent the late Geoffrey Nuttall notes that John Olding (1722-1785) a Dartmouth born English Congregationalist minister who studied under Doddridge at his Academy in Northampton, 1740-1743 and moved from Gloucester to Deptford in 1754, issued a broadsheet in 1768 headed A Modern Pattern for Gospel Ministers, taken verbatim from an Inscription upon the Grave Stone of the Late Truly-Reverend Mr. THOMAS COLE, whose Remains lie intered in the Meeting House without the South-Gate in the City of Glocester. He signed it with a number of other 'Ministers of the Gospel' including Beddome, Earlier in the essay Nuttall says that Thomas Cole (1679-1742) was a godly nonconformist who Whitefield admired.
The document describes Cole as 'very eloquent, informing, awakening. evangelical, and casuistical; labouring much to abase the Sinner, and exalt Christ and Free Grace'. Nuttall suggests this is evidence of Cole's continuing influence to the south, east and west, as well as in London and Gloucestershire. It is on the basis of 'personal and intimate Acquaintance' with Cole that 10 ministers put their names to the manifesto. Besides Beddome there are two from London, two from Somerset, four based in Gloucestershire and George Whitefield.

1. William King (1701-1769) Wiltshire born Indeopendent minister who studied in Utrecht, returning to England in 1724. The following year he became minister in Chesham, being ordained 25 April, 1725. He removed to London in 1740, and on 14 February became pastor of the independent church in Hare Court, Aldersgate Street, succeeding Samuel Bruce. He was created DD shortly after. On 14 January,. 1748 he was chosen Merchants' lecturer at Pinners' Hall, He died on 3 March 1769. He was buried in Bunhill Fields. An oil-portrait of King exists.
2. Samuel Philips had been in Bunhill Walk but then moved to Newbury in Berkshire.
3. Philip Jones of Upton-upon-Severn (d 1771) a Baptist and a fellow trustee of the Seward fund with Beddome was briefly at Cheltenham before moving to Upton in 1731, where he also pastored the Seventh Day Baptist Church at Aston Natton.
4. Hugh Evans of Bristol (1712 - 1781), A Baptist minister and Academy tutor, he was a member of a family prominent in the history of the Baptist denomination in Radnorshire and north Brecknock - his very name, indeed, was given him in memory of a local Baptist ‘father’, His grandfather was Thomas Evans (1625-1688), his father was Caleb Evans (1676-1739). He took out a preaching-licence in 1705 and became pastor at Pentre (Llanafan-fawr, Brecknock). Hugh Evans was educated under David Price at Llwyn-llwyd Academy near Hay. He then went to live with an aunt at Bristol, where he received baptism and was in 1740 [7 Feb.] chosen coadjutor to Bernard Foskett, minister of Broadmead Baptist church and head of the Bristol Baptist Academy. On Foskett 's death (1758) Evans succeeded him in both functions. His own son was Caleb Evans (1737-1791). Hugh Evans regularly attended Welsh association meetings and preached thereat 17 times ‘always in English, but repeating portions of his sermon in Welsh.'
5. George Gibbs Congregationalist minister of Thornbury from about 1733.
6. Benjamin Beddome of Bourton
7. Samuel Ball (d 1779) of Stroud
8. William Adam, late of Painswick (1730-1754) but then of Gloucester
9. William Gardiner of Wilton
10. George Whitefield, a native of Gloucester (in the country for the last time and 'much enfeebled')
The document was published by Robert Raikes (1736-1811).


Richard Strange

Richard Strange d 1768
He became pastor at Stratton, Wiltshire (16 miles south west of Bourton) in 1752. Little is known of him. (Presumably he was son to deacon Joseph Strange, mentioned by Holmes, 60, 61. Was Nanny his sister? Cf fn 43). We know that in January 1751 he and a Mr William Lawrence presented the case to the Baptist Board for building a meeting house in Stratton.

Richard Haynes

Richard Haynes d 1768
According to Robert Oliver, a subsequent pastor at Bradford on Avon, Richard Haynes was baptised in May 1741 and was an early convert of the Revival in Bourton under Beddome. In 1747, he received permission to preach in other churches after successfully exercising his preaching gifts at Bourton. Haynes lived at Burford, and preached both there and in Oxford, before receiving a call to Bradford on Avon in 1750.
Taking up the pastorate there, he had a fruitful ministry until his premature death in 1768. Although he had no formal ministerial training the church at Bourton recorded that they considered him to be a 'remarkable' man of 'a savoury spirit'. Hayden says he started a work in Bath in 1755 (perhaops a little earlier).
Summing up his ministry many years later William Hawkins wrote that "He was ordained on the 25th April, 1750. He appears to have been sound in the faith and consistent in discipline. His ministry was greatly honoured for eighteen years, when he suddenly died, having been called from earth to heaven while at his dinner on the 17th May, 1768."
Even while a pastor Haynes continued in his work as a clothier, taking on an apprentice (Richard Briggs) in 1760. Haynes appears to have left £600 in his will, including gifts of £100 and £150 to be invested and the interest used by trustees to benefit, respectively, Baptist churches in Bradford, Westbury Leigh (8 miles south) and Whitchurch, Hants (Whitchurch is over 50 miles away from Bradford, the connection was established in 1759 when fellow clothier Charles Cole (1733-1813) went there as pastor, having been converted, baptised and brought into membership in Bradford three years before. He produced a small collection of hymns in 1789) and to Baptist churches in Malmesbury (20 miles north) and Melksham (7 miles east).

17/04/2017

Alexander Payne

Alexander Payne (1742-1819). We have previously mentioned Alexander Paine or Payne as a former Methodist preacher who joined the Bourton church in the Autumn of 1775, the same year that he was baptised at Fairford by Thomas Davis. (The baptism date we discover was November 19). He was apparently a member of Stow but became a member at Bourton and was recommended to the Bewdley and then the Bengeworth church as a person "whose life, conversation, temper, and experience, entitled him with regard of any religious society," with whom he might be connected. 
This must have happened, as suggested, in 1778, though the call did not come until November, 1780, there clearly being some doubts over his suitability. The church at Bewdley decided not to call him but he eventually became minister at Bengeworth from November 1780. Some five years later, however, on May 29, 1785, he joined the Walgrave Church in Northamptonshire. He followed John Ayer (1714-1822) and was ordained on July 6, 1785, with John Evans, John Sutcliff, John Ryland, Jr, and Andrew Fuller attending. (Previous to Ayer 1773-1785, the minister had been Moses Deacon c 1732-1773).
A new chapel was built at Walgrave in 1786, with Fuller and Ryland preaching. Payne remained at Walgrave for 33 years, and during his ministry no less than nine men were called to preach among the Baptists. He died on February 13, 1819 having preached his last sermon on January 31 on Job 30:23. He appears to have been the author of a commentary on Deuteronomy. His son George was a minister in Edinburgh. (See W A Wicks Concise History of the Baptist Church, (Walgrave (Northampton: Taylor & Son, 1892), 21-23.)